In his critical philosophy Kant constructs freedom as the ideal form of practical reason with a strictly determined form: it is self-determining, self-identical, and it posits itself as its own purpose. One of the conditions to conceptualize freedom this way lies in Kant’s presumption of ‘time’ as a pure a priori form of (outer and inner) intuition. This talk asks about some of the different determining effects this Kantian conception has had on subsequent theory building. What is the post-Kantian space in which practical philosophy has been thought? To what extent has it required the exclusion of the body, ‘space’, and phenomenal visibility as necessary conditions of human nature and ethics?
Tatjana Schönwälder-Kuntze studied philosophy, psychology, and logic and philosophy of science at the Ludwig- Maximilians-University in Munich, where she completed a PhD dissertation entitled, Authentic Freedom: Grounding Ethics after Sartre, in 2000 as well as her Habilitation, Kantian Freedom as a Norm? Modern Theory building and the Effect of Kantian Moral Philosophy, in 2007. She is currently Adjunct Professor of Philosophy at LMU Munich as well as Research Fellow at the Institut für Sozialforschung in Frankfurt and, since 2011, holds a Heisenberg scholarship from the German Research Foundation. Her work takes up the question of freedom, its connection to subjectivity, and how both are structured or formed in modernity. Her current research project investigates how these concepts are linked to economic systems, as well as to economic theory building.
Introduction: Judith Butler, Professor of Comparative Literature, UC Berkeley